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Cochrane for Clinicians

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Dept. Collections -- American Family Physician

Jun 13, 2013 - Search Department collections from past and current issues of AFP, the peer-reviewed clinical journal of the American Academy of Family Physicians.

American Family Physician

http://www.aafp.org/journals/afp/explore/departments.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Leg Compression and Pharmacologic Prophylaxis for Venous ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Based on high-quality evidence, the Cochrane review showed that combining IPC with pharmacologic prophylaxis was more effective than a single preventative measure for preventing deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and more effective than IPC alone for preventing pulmonary embolism (PE).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p284.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Dietary Fat Modification and the Risk of Future ...

May 1, 2013 - According to the authors of this Cochrane review, reducing or modifying a patient's dietary fat intake did not lower the rates of either total or cardiovascular-related mortality when compared with usual or control diets. Reducing the intake of total or saturated fats decreased the risk...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p609.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain?...

Apr 1, 2007 - Eight to 60 days of opioid therapy for the treatment of neuropathic pain effectively reduces pain scores as measured by a visual analog scale. A lack of response to opioids in the first 24 hours should not be used to predict whether longer-term opioid therapy might be beneficial. There ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p999.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Should We Recommend Nicotine Replacement Therapy? - ...

Jun 1, 2001 - Yes. The patient is highly nicotine-dependent, and for smokers with moderate to severe nicotine dependence, nicotine replacement therapy with or without bupropion should be offered as part of an intensive program of physician advice, counseling and follow-up. This answer is based on an ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0601/p2245.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Interventions to Help Patients Reduce or Eliminate the Use ...

Dec 1, 2009 - Although the studies of behavior interventions were heterogeneous in this Cochrane review, behavior interventions such as mailings, oral or dental screenings, group discussions, workplace interventions, and telephone support showed the best evidence for smokeless tobacco cessation.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1226.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - For adult patients who are taking a minimum maintenance dosage of inhaled corticosteroid for asthma, adding a long-acting beta2 agonist permits reduction of the dosage of inhaled corticosteroid by 253 mcg beclomethasone equivalent per day without worsening the patient's symptoms. In ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Benzodiazepines are safe and effective for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, particularly for the prevention of withdrawal seizures, although their superiority to anticonvulsants has not been demonstrated convincingly. There is no clear benefit of one benzodiazepine over another or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1191.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Intravenous lidocaine and oral mexiletine provide a modest reduction in neuropathic pain with no indication of serious adverse effects. However, safety data are limited because most studies were of relatively short duration and fewer than 400 patients have been studied in total for each...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - Combined evidence from two clinical trials of calcium supplementation lasting for several years revealed a reduced rate of recurrent colorectal adenoma. However, evidence is insufficient to recommend supplementation with dietary calcium for patients who have never had an adenoma.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2109.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - Three days of antibiotic therapy is as effective as longer courses for treatment of uncomplicated UTIs in women.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2219.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - At high dosages, gabapentin is moderately effective for neuropathic pain, although adverse effects are experienced as often as benefit.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p435.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - For empiric treatment of GERD or endoscopy-negative reflux disease, a short trial of a proton pump inhibitor increases the chance of remission. Histamine H2-receptor antagonists are less expensive and work well in many patients, particularly those with less severe symptoms or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - An antidepressant such as imipramine (Tofranil) or sertraline (Zoloft), possibly with the addition of an antipsychotic, is the preferred initial pharmacologic treatment for psychotic depression.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1935.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Neuraminidase Inhibitors for Influenza Treatment and ...

Aug 1, 2010 - Although neuraminidase inhibitors can reduce the risk of contracting symptomatic, confirmed influenza and reduce the time to recovery for those with laboratory-confirmed influenza, they are not effective for reducing the risk of influenza-like illness or asymptomatic influenza infection...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p242.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: First-Line Treatment for Hypertension - American Family ...

Jun 1, 2010 - In comparing the effects of thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) with placebo, thiazide diuretics lowered mortality and morbidity from stroke, heart attack, and heart failure more than beta blockers.1 ACE ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1333.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media? - ...

Aug 1, 2001 - Based on this review and the systematic reviews of Rosenfeld and Kozyrskyj, antibiotics appear to play a small but potentially useful role in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. Antibiotics produce a reduction in pain at two to seven days but have no effect on tympanometry,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p469.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Physical Training for Patients with Asthma - American ...

Mar 1, 2013 - Physical training lasting for at least 20 to 30 minutes, two to three times a week for at least six weeks, improves physical fitness in patients with asthma. Physical training is not associated with worsening of asthma symptoms, and it improves health-related quality of life.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p313.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Optimal Antibiotic Regimen for Treating Lower UTI in ...

Nov 1, 2013 - For the afebrile child with a UTI, a short course (three to seven days) of antibiotics is as effective at preventing the recurrence of symptomatic UTI as a long course (seven to 10 days). There is no clear evidence of superiority for any one antibiotic regimen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p577.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Collaborative Care for Depression and Anxiety - American ...

Apr 1, 2014 - The collaborative care model is effective for treating adults with depression and/or anxiety using a multiprofessional approach to patient care, a structured management plan, scheduled patient follow-ups, and enhanced interprofessional communication.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p524.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis–Related Vomiting in ...

Jun 1, 2012 - Ondansetron (Zofran) given orally can reduce rates of vomiting, improve short-term tolerance of oral fluids, and reduce short-term rates of hospital admission and the need for intravenous hydration. Metoclopramide (Reglan) and ondansetron can reduce episodes of vomiting when given ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0601/p1054.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Are Cranberry Products Effective for the Prevention of ...

Dec 1, 2013 - Cranberry products are not effective and should not be recommended for the prevention of UTIs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1201/p745.html

Cochrane for Clinicians: Management Options for Early Incomplete Miscarriage - ...

Feb 1, 2011 - For the management of incomplete miscarriage, limited-quality evidence shows that medical treatment with misoprostol (Cytotec), expectant care, and surgical evacuation have a completion of miscarriage success rate between 80 to 99 percent in pregnancies at less than 13 weeks' ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p258.html

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